Updated on 2021/04/04

写真a

Pingxing ZHANG

Assistant Professor

From School 【 display / non-display

  • 2006.09
    -
    2011.06

    Southeast University (CHINA)   Faculty of Architecture   Graduated

From Graduate School 【 display / non-display

  • 2012.04
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    2014.03

    Kyoto University  Graduate School, Division of Agriculture  Lab. of Landscape Architecture  Master Course  Completed

  • 2014.04
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    2018.03

    Kyoto University  Graduate School, Division of Agriculture  Lab. of Landscape Architecture  Doctor Course  Completed

Degree Earned 【 display / non-display

  • Kyoto University -  Doctor

  • Kyoto University -  Master Degree

  • Southeast University (CHINA) -  Bachelor Degree

Employment Record in Research 【 display / non-display

  • 2019.04
     
     

    Tokyo University of AgricultureFaculty of Regional Environment Science   Department of Landscape Architecture Science   Assistant Professor  

External Career 【 display / non-display

  • 2011.10
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    2012.03

    Kyoto University   Graduate School of Agriculture   Research Student  

  • 2017.12
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    2019.03

    Research Institute for Humanity and Nature   Collaborative Researcher  

  • 2018.04
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    2019.03

    Kyoto Prefectural University   Lab. of Landscape   Collaborative Researcher  

Academic Society Membership 【 display / non-display

  • 2013.09
     
     
     

    Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture

  • 2018.06
     
     
     

    The Academic Society of Japanese Garden

  • 2020.03
     
     
     

    Society of Culture Geology

  • 2019.06
     
     
     

    Architectural Institute of Japan

  • 2020.09
     
     
     

    The Garden Society of Japan

Research Interests 【 display / non-display

  • Gardening material

  • Japanese garden

  • Stone landscape

  • Stone

  • Geology and culture

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Thesis 【 display / non-display

Published Papers 【 display / non-display

  • A study on the distribution and rock types of stone statues of Buddha in the northeastern mountain-foot districts of Kyoto City

    Pingxing ZHANG

    ( Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture )  84 ( 5 )   2021.03  [Refereed]

    Academic JournalResearch paper (scientific journal)   Single Work

    This study focused on the distribution and rock types of wayside stone statues of Buddha in the northeastern mountain-foot districts of Kyoto City to grasp the culture of stone use in Kyoto basin. Investigations were conducted in 15 districts of Sakyo-ku that are adjacent to the mountains. We collected the information on the location and rock types of Buddha statues, as well as the data of magnetic susceptibility by KT-10 (Terraplus). We found over 1900 Buddha statues were celebrated in 360 places that were distributed in whole areas. Buddha statues made of Shirakawa-ishi, a type of white granite quarried from the northeast of Kyoto, were celebrated in 320 places and distributed in over 10% grids when the areas were analyzed by 100m mesh. Among them, 18 grids owned more than 20 statues. Shirakawa-ishi showed a stable magnetic susceptibility from 0.039 to 0.197×10-3 SI. 90 Buddha statues made of other stones such as granodiorite, sandstone, and chart from the adjacent mountains were found in 68 places. The distribution area of Buddha statues made of Shirakawa-ishi has possibly expanded over the 15 distrcts, while one of the boundaries was considered in the Kurama district. To grasp the stone culture of Kyoto, further studies on the styles and construction history of Buddha statues are expected.

  • The stonework and stone walls built of Shirakawa-ishi in three villages at the foot of Higashiyama, Kyoto

    ZHANG Pingxing, FUKAMACHI Katsue, FUKUI Wataru, SHIBATA Shozo

    Journal of The Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture ( Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture )  82 ( 5 ) 635 - 638   2019.03  [Refereed]

    Academic JournalResearch paper (scientific journal)   Joint Work

    <p>Shirakawa-ishi, a type of white granite used in Japanese gardens, was quarried by three villages located at the foot of north Higashiyama Mountain (Kitashirakawa, Ichijoji and Shugakuin) until the early Showa period. After the rapid urbanization from Meiji period, the village landscapes created by Shirakawa-ishi either changed or were lost. This paper aims at grasping the quantity and condition of stonework and stone walls built by Shirakawa-ishi remaining in these three villages, and discussing on their characteristics of local stone use. Through field investigation, we confirmed 62 pieces of stonework and 157 stone walls on the streets of three villages. Stonework including Buddhist images, lanterns and guideposts were almost small in size. Kitashirakawa contained only 18 stone walls, which showed the most urbanization among three villages, but the high density of stonework and high ratio of cut-stone use in stone walls reflected the village's advanced techniques of stone processing. Ichijoji and Shugakuin contained more stone walls built using natural stone, due to the influences of delayed urbanization and a mountainous location. Ichijoji contained a significantly high number of Buddhist images and lantern sets, which showed us that the local village landscapes were mostly preserved among these three villages.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • Color analysis of Shirakawa-ishi used as landscaping material and similar granites

    ZHANG Pingxing, FUKAMACHI Katsue, AMASAKI Hiromasa, SHIBATA Shozo

    Journal of The Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture ( Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture )  81 ( 5 ) 467 - 472   2018.03  [Refereed]

    Academic JournalResearch paper (scientific journal)   Joint Work

    <p>Shirakawa-ishi is a famous white granite produced from Kyoto and used for gardening stonework. Its debris is called Shirakawa-suna and has been widely used in temple gardens of Kyoto as a traditional landscaping gravel due to its beautiful color. However, ever since the quarrying of Shirakawa-ishi was banned, landscapes made of Shirakawa-suna have been changing or lost. This study aimed to find out the color characteristics of Shirakawa-ishi and similar granites, and to discuss on appropriate substitutes for Shirakawa-suna. We collected Shirakawa-ishi from 3 quarries, and 4 similar granites of different origin. We analyzed the color of 3 main minerals (white feldspar, gray quartz, and black mica) in each sample by scanner, AutoCAD and Adobe Photoshop. The ratio of "white: gray: black" of Shirakawa-ishi was around 6.2:3:0.8, while the white-black contrast was strong, which lead to a soft white, but clear color. Compared to Shirakawa-ishi, Inada-ishi (Japan) was much lighter and showed greater black-white contrast, which was too white for landscaping gravel. The color of mica in SobuG603 (China) was unclear, while LeBlanc (France) was much darker and contained more quartz. Kitagi-ishi (Japan) was slightly darker in overall color, but closest to Shirakawa-ishi. Its debris was considered to be an appropriate substitute of Shirakawa-suna.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • Position and expressive form of white sand areas in temple gardens of Kyoto

    ZHANG Pingxing, FUKAMACHI Katsue, SHIBATA Shozo

    Journal of The Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture ( Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture )  80 ( 5 ) 437 - 442   2017.03  [Refereed]

    Academic JournalResearch paper (scientific journal)   Joint Work

    <p>Areas with white sand are characteristic of temple gardens in Kyoto, but the halt of the production of Shirakawa-suna (sand obtained from local white granite) in the 1980s led to their change or loss. This study aimed to clarify the position and expressive form of white sand areas qualitatively and quantitatively, and to grasp their characteristics in the garden composition of different periods. Based on 18 garden-related documents, we selected 68 gardens with white sand areas which were built no later than the Showa period. Then we conducted field investigations and calculated the occupancy rates of white sand areas in each garden. Most gardens were built in Edo or Showa era, belonging to the Rinzai School. Three positions (the whole garden, the front of garden and the middle of garden) were found. The white sand areas in main Front gardens of hojo abbot's quarters showed the highest average occupancy rates, followed by other gardens of the hojo, and gardens of shoin study hall. Raking patterns were found in over 90% of gardens, while sand terrace and sand pile were seen in 8 gardens. Combination with other elements such as stones and moss was found in 36 gardens. The white sand gardens were formed in Muromachi era, developed in Edo era, decreased from Meiji era, and rose again in Showa era while the ritual function of hojo front gardens started to decline.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • Shirakawa-ishi Quarrying Sites and their Transition of Modern Times in Northern Higashiyama, Kyoto

    ZHANG Pingxing, FUKAMACHI Katsue, MIYOSHI Iwao, SHIBATA Shozo, AMASAKI Hiromasa

    Journal of The Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture ( Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture )  79 ( 5 ) 437 - 442   2016.03  [Refereed]

    Academic JournalResearch paper (scientific journal)   Joint Work

    <p>Shirakawa-ishi is a famous granite that in the past was widely used for gardening and construction. The Shirakawa-ishi quarrying industry in northern Higashiyama was famous for the high techniques of the stonecutters of Kyoto. However, after having been closed for over a half century, the Shirakawa-ishi quarries now remain forgotten. This study aimed at recovering the location and transition of Shirakawa-ishi quarries in modern times, and summarizing the components and geographical features of Shirakawa-ishi quarrying sites. We collected and analyzed information on Shirakawa-ishi quarrying sites from documents, surveys, and old topographic maps, then conducted field investigations with GPS and the newest topographic maps. 4 quarrying areas (south Uryuyama, Yamanakagoe, Otowagawa, and south Shimeigadake) were recovered. The quarrying sites were closed no later than 1966 after the prosperous period from the Meiji era to the early Taisho era. Components of quarrying sites including rock cliffs in valley sides, flat working fields, stacked stones, and export routes were confirmed. Quarry searching based on the distance from the village, rock selection and export route choice in consideration of geographical features and existing mountain trails, and topography improvement by stacked stone design showed valuable traditional intelligence in natural resource use.</p>

    DOI CiNii

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Review Papers, etc. 【 display / non-display

  • Preliminary Research on Current Status and Evaluation of Bamboo in the Cultural Landscape of Hineno-sho Ohgi, Osaka Prefecture

    Ryo NUKINA, Pingxing ZHANG, Kimisato ODA, Yukari IHARA

    Landscape Ecology and Management ( Japan Association of Landscape Ecology )  25 ( 2 ) 147 - 151   2021.03

    Prompt report, short report, and research note, etc. (scientific journal)   Joint Work2

Honours, Awards and Prizes 【 display / non-display

  • Incentive award of Japanese institute of landscape architecture

    2018.05    

    Winner: Pingxing ZHANG

  • Best Paper Award of 2017 JILA national conference

    2017.05    

    Winner: Pingxing Zhang, Katsue FUKAMACHI, Shozo SHIBATA

  • Best Paper Award of 2016 JILA national conference

    2016.05    

    Winner: Pingxing ZHANG, Katsue FUKAMACHI, Iwao MIYOSHI, Shozo SHIBATA, Hiromasa AMASAKI

  • Best Paper Award of 2015 JILA national conference

    2015.05    

    Winner: Pingxing ZHANG, Katsue FUKAMACHI, Shozo SHIBATA, Hiromasa AMASAKI

Scientific Research Funds Acquisition Results 【 display / non-display

  • Exploring the volcanic culture in Japanese gardens through the use of volcanic rocks

    Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists

    Project Year:  2020.04  -  2023.03    Investigator(s): Pingxing ZHANG

  • Elucidation of the traditional landscaping techniques on the construction, fostering and maintenance of Japanese gardens

    Basic Research (C)

    Project Year:  2021.04  -  2025.03    Investigator(s): Takashi AWANO

Other External Funds 【 display / non-display

  • Scholarship Fund for Young/Women Researchers

    Offer organization: Promotion and Mutual Aid Corporation for Private Schools of Japan  Scholarship Fund for Young/Women Researchers

    Project Year: 2020.04  -  202203  Investigator(s): Pingxing ZHANG

Oral Presentation 【 display / non-display

  • The connection of landscape architecture and culture geology

    Pingxing ZHANG

    The 4th Meeting of the Society of Culture Geology  (Online)  2021.03  -  2021.03  Society of Culture Geology

  • The village landscapes made of Shirakawa-ishi in Kitashirakawa district of Kyoto

    Pingxing ZHANG, Katsue FUKAMACHI, Wataru FUKUI, Shozo SHIBATA

    (Chiba University)  2018.12  -  2018.12 

  • The landscapes constructed by local granite "Shirakawa-ishi" in gardens and villages of Kyoto, Japan

    Pingxing ZHANG

    The Korea-China-Japan Joint Workshop on Urban Ecosystem Studies  2018.10  -  2018.10 

  • The condition and reuse possibility on the routes of Shirakawaishi quarries in the northern Higashiyama of Kyoto

    Pingxing ZHANG, Katsue FUKAMACHI, Shozo SHIBATA

    2018.03  -  2018.03 

  • Material Use of the White Sand Spaces in Traditional Japanese Gardens

    Pingxing ZHANG

    Comparing, Understanding and Creating Japanese Gardens: A Dialogue between East and West (Kyoto, Japan)  2018.02  -  2018.02 

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Symposium 【 display / non-display

  • Design of traditional Japanese garden: idea and material use of Karesansui

    Pingxing ZHANG, Yui OYAKE, Sanae KUAMAKURA

    Taihu University of Wuxi, China  2016.11  -  2016.11

  • Shirakawa-suna and Kyoto gardens

    Pingxing ZHANG

    Kyoto  2014.12  -  2014.12

  • Academic Salon: The original landscapes in Kyoto gardens

    Pingxing ZHANG

    Chongqing university, China  2014.10  -  2014.10

Activity of Academic 【 display / non-display

  • 2019.09
     
     

    Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture  

  • 2020.07
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    2021.03

    Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture  

  • 2020.12
     
     

    Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture  

  • 2021.03
     
     

    Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture  

Social Contribution 【 display / non-display

  • The history and condition of the use of "Shirakawa-suna"

    Japanese Society of Landscape Architects 

    2018.11
     
     

  • The white sand gardens originated from Shirakawa-suna in Kyoto

    2018.07