2020/12/28 更新

写真b

河瀬 眞琴 (カワセ マコト)

KAWASE Makoto

教授

出身大学院 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 1977年04月
    -
    1979年03月

    京都大学  農学研究科  農林生物学専攻  修士課程  修了

  • 1979年04月
    -
    1985年03月

    京都大学  農学研究科  農林生物学専攻  博士後期課程  単位取得満期退学

取得学位 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 京都大学 -  農学博士

学内職務経歴 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 2019年04月
    -
    継続中

    東京農業大学   農学部   農学科   教授  

専門分野(科研費分類) 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 地域研究

  • 遺伝育種科学

  • 生物資源保全学

  • 環境農学(含ランドスケープ科学)

研究キーワード 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 遺伝資源管理

  • 遺伝的多様性

  • 民族植物学

学位論文 【 表示 / 非表示

  • Genetic variation and landrace differentiation of foxtail millet, Setaria italica, in Eurasia

    Makoto Kawase

      1986年03月  [査読有り]

    学位論文(博士)   単著

論文 【 表示 / 非表示

  • Sustainable Water Management under Variable Rainfall Conditions in River Communities of Champhone District, Savannakhet Province, Lao PDR

    Outhevy Vongmany, Watanabe K, Mizunoya T, Kawase M, Kikuchi A, Higano Y, Nouansisavad Sombounsack, Oukham Phounpako

    Journal of Sustainable Development   11 ( 3 ) 108 - 122   2018年05月  [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)   共著

    A large majority of the rural population of Lao PDR remains dependent on agriculture for their livelihood and food security, for which access to and management of irrigated and rain-fed water sources is critical. Crop choices and planting calendars follow a monsoonal (dry season/wet season) weather system and are vulnerable to variations in the supply of rainfall, particularly deficits in the dry season and oversupply in the wet season. Climate change projections show that flood vulnerable areas like Champhone district, Savannakhet province might face worse problems in future, affecting food security and agricultural development.
    This study examines how households are being affected by flooding and drought in Xe Champhone district. Flood vulnerability was assessed by calculating the rainfall variation to determine the water balance during rainy season and dry season. This was combined with analysis of social data from household surveys, together with institutional capacity at different levels and coping strategies currently used by farmers. Constraints and opportunities are identified to strengthen adaptive capacity and resilience to climate change in the Xe Champhone River basin

    DOI

  • A Field Study to Explore Plant Genetic Resources in the Sagaing Region and Shan State of Myanmar in 2016

    Naito K, San San Aye, Min San Thein, Aung Phyoe Hein, Takei E, Osada T, Domon E, Watanabe K, Kawase M

    Annual Report of Exploration and Introduction of Plant Genetic Resources   33   265 - 294   2018年03月  [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)   共著

    A report of a Myanmar-Japan cooperative field study designed to explore plant genetic resources, mainly in the northern Sagaing Region and Shan State of Myanmar, in October of 2016. This field study was based on previous works conducted in the Sagaing Region, which indicated that the hilly and mountainous areas in the region are home to a diversity of traditional crops and varieties mainly grown under a slash-and-burn cultivation scheme in fields and backyard gardens in Hkamti district and Lahe township, while, according to the preliminary survey, various rice landraces are also grown on terraces in Layshee township. First, we focused on Layshee township and its vicinity, where the Naga people live. We explored diverse plant genetic resources including cucurbitaceous plants, surveyed the corresponding ethnobotanical aspects, and collected crop wild relatives (CWRs), such as Vigna species. Slash-and-burn cultivation is commonly practiced on mountain slopes in the Sagaing Region, where rice, other cereals, food legume, roots and tuber crops, various vegetables, and miscellaneous herbs and spices are often planted in mixed cropping systems. We confirmed that rice-terrace farming is co

  • A Field Study to Explore Plant Genetic Resources in the Sagaing Region of Myanmar in 2015

    Min San Thein, Kawase M, Domon E, Watanabe K

    Annual Report of Exploration and Introduction of Plant Genetic Resources   33   239 - 264   2018年03月  [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)   共著

    A report of a Myanmar-Japan cooperative field study designed to explore plant genetic resources, mainly in the northern Sagaing Region and Shan State of Myanmar, in October of 2016. This field study was based on previous works conducted in the Region, which indicated that the hilly and mountainous areas in the region are home to a diversity of traditional crops and varieties mainly grown under a slash-and-burn cultivation scheme in fields and backyard gardens in Hkamti district and Lahe township, while, according to the preliminary survey, various rice landraces are also grown on terraces in Layshee township. First, we focused on Layshee township and vicinity, where the Naga people live. We explored diverse plant genetic resources including cucurbitaceous plants, surveyed the corresponding ethnobotanical aspects, and collected crop wild relatives (CWRs), such as Vigna species. Slash-and-burn cultivation is commonly practiced on mountain slopes in the Sagaing Region, where rice, other cereals, food legume, roots and tuber crops, various vegetables, and miscellaneous herbs and spices are often planted in mixed cropping systems. We confirmed that rice-terrace farming is common where e

  • 遺伝資源取扱上の倫理的および社会的側面

    岡田 祥宏・河瀨 眞琴・渡邉 和男

    育種学研究   19 ( 4 ) 170 - 176   2017年12月  [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)   単著

    DOI

  • Principal components analysis - K-means transposon element based foxtail millet core collection selection method

    Borrayo E, Machida-Hirano R, Takeya M, Kawase M, Watanabe K

    BMC Genetics BMC series ? open, inclusive and trusted 201617:42   17   2016年02月  [査読有り]

    研究論文(学術雑誌)   共著

    Core collections are important tools in genetic resources research and administration. At present, most core collection selection criteria are based on one of the following item characteristics: passport data, genetic markers, or morphological traits, which may lead to inadequate representations of variability in the complete collection. The development of a comprehensive methodology that includes as much element data as possible has been explored poorly. Using a collection of (Setaria italica sbsp. italica (L.) P. Beauv.) as a model, we developed a method for core collection construction based on genotype data and numerical representations of agromorphological traits, thereby improving the selection process.
    Principal component analysis allows the selection of the most informative discriminators among the various elements evaluated, regardless of whether they are genetic or morphological, thereby providing an adequate criterion for further K-mean clustering. Overall, the core collections of S. italica constructed using only genotype data demonstrated overall better validation scores than other core collections that we generated. However, core collection based on both genotype and

    DOI

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著書 【 表示 / 非表示

  • Biodiversity and Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources in Asia (eds. Park Y G, Sakamoto S)

    Makoto Kawase (担当: 分担執筆 , 担当範囲: Exploration and collection of crop plants to preserve biodiversity in South Asia )

    Japan Scientific Societies Press  1996年10月

  • Progress in New Crops (ed. Jules Janick)

    Afzal M, Kawase M, Nakayama H, Okuno K (担当: 分担執筆 , 担当範囲: Variation in electrophoregrams of total seed protein and Wx protein in foxtail millet )

    ASHS Press  1996年

    Variation in electrophoregrams of total seed protein was observed in the range of 20 to 30 kDa and about 60 kDa in 217 landraces of foxtail millet collected across the Eurasia. Based on the combination of 4 protein bands, landraces were classified into six different types. A geographical cline of electrophoregrams was observed. Based on the level of starch granule bound polypeptide (Wx protein), these 2l7 landraces weredivided into, non-waxy, intermediate, and waxy starch types. The intermediate and waxy types were found only in East Asia and Southeast Asia.